Production of electricity from wind energy in the Netherlands increased by over a third in 2023

In 2023, 48 percent of electricity in the Netherlands was generated from renewable sources, an increase of 21 percent compared with the previous year. Production of electricity from wind energy increased by over a third. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports this on the basis of provisional figures.

A total of 120 billion kWh of electricity was produced, 1 percent more than in the previous year. The amount generated from fossil fuels was 58 billion kWh, down 12 percent from the previous year. Less electricity was produced from coal and natural gas, which were down 38 and 4 percent respectively. This was due in part to the availability of cheaper wind and solar energy. The production of electricity from renewable sources increased to 57 billion kWh in 2023.

Production of electricity from wind energy increased by over a third

The amount of electricity produced from wind energy went up by 35 percent compared to the previous year, to reach 29 billion kWh. This was partly due to an increase in the wind turbine capacity installed, both onshore and offshore. Production from onshore wind was 17.42 billion kWh in 2023 (13.39 billion kWh in 2022) and from offshore wind 11.46 billion kWh (8.02 billion kWh in 2022). The total capacity of wind turbines reached 11 GW in 2023.

A total of 21 billion kWh of electricity was generated from solar energy in 2023. That was an increase of 24 percent relative to the previous year. One major cause was the increase in the capacity of solar panels installed (+4.3 GW).

A further 7.0 billion kWh of energy was generated from biomass. That was 1.7 billion less than in the previous year, partly because less biomass fuel was used in coal-fired power plants.

Export of electricity reaches a record high

A record 25 billion kWh of electricity was exported in 2023, up 10 percent from the previous year. Germany imported the most electricity from the Netherlands (10 billion kWh), followed by Belgium (8 billion kWh) and the United Kingdom (4 billion kWh). The amount of electricity exported to Germany was up by 13 percent. This was partly due to the closure of Germany’s last nuclear power plant. The Netherlands also exported more electricity to the United Kingdom (+18 percent).

Total electricity imports also rose by 5 percent in 2023 to reach 19 billion kWh, compared with a year earlier. Imports from Norway increased the most (1.1 billion kWh). This was due to increased production by Norwegian hydropower plants.

On balance, over 5.7 billion kWh of electricity was exported in 2023. It was the second year in a row that more electricity was exported than imported. Source: CBS

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